Comparison essay in cultural studies: modernism and realism

Comparison essay in cultural studies: modernism and realism

Modernism, realism… these words be seemingly well-known, all pupils once heard them at school, but what exactly they mean – we will not even you will need to remember. In this essay, we shall discuss the present trends into the literature and their differences from one another.

Concept of Modernism as well as its branches

“Imaginist futurism of symbolic significance”. Does it appear to be simply a collection of words for your requirements? Then browse the concept of modernism in the literature, and everything can be clearer.

Modernism – thinking about the various definitions for this concept, inevitably you encounter a group of not necessarily clear words. Let us make an effort to explain everything easier. The name comes from the French language, where this means “up-to-date”. Typically, this sort of name refers to new phenomena in a variety of kinds of art. Inside our country into the literary works, a similar trend appeared only in the first twentieth century, but came to life quite quickly.

Shortly thereafter, several its branches starred in different spheres of art:

  • Imaginism – if the focus for the tasks are some type of image, frequently in isolation from truth.
  • Symbolism is a robust modernism, predicated on insensibility, mysticism, ambiguity of interpretation.
  • Acmeism – came to displace symbolism, cleansed it from mysticism, and placed it self at the solution regarding the accuracy regarding the wording, the brightness, the energy of the phrase.
  • Futurism (cubo-futurism, egofuturism) is a phenomenon that destroys the former canons of literature in an effort to create something conceptually new, targeted at the near future.

Such as a hydra, modernism provided the world and our country in particular many new phenomena that began to serve the writers with faith and truth. It really is well worth noting the key options that come with modernism. They have been:

  • mysticism;
  • separation from reality;
  • aspiration to the future utilizing the destruction associated with the canons of literature;
  • evidence of the semantic load of the work to the extreme.

Concept of Realism and its own place in literary works

And what exactly is realism? Realism is a lot more modest. To write works in an authentic genre, an extremely realistic image for the real-world is shown. There’s no necessity for exaggeration, forcing to extreme, any other-world symbols, metaphors, oxymorons. All things are divided in to a target and subjective transfer of reality to paper. Realism appeared much sooner than modernism. In this way, such bright writers as F. Dostoyevsky and E. Zola are well known as its representatives.

Comparison of Modernism and Realism

Every thing has the right to life. We’re going to attempt to differentiate the key differences among these two styles. Modernism is a unique phenomenon, whereas in realism you will find very deep roots going back to antiquity. It really is worth noting that modernism is a type of name for different areas in the literature, it is multifaceted. You are able to say the exact same about realism, however it won’t have such a big branching and also to some degree it really is self-sufficient. Modernism seeks to be adorned, mystical, accented reflection associated with world, and realism tells everything as it’s from a target and subjective point of view. Just what does it mean? Objective – it’s just a description of reality, and subjectivism – the attitude of this writer towards the globe.

Thus, the difference between modernism and realism is as follows:

  • Modernism is a young phenomenon, and realism was known even yet in ancient times.
  • Modernism has its own branches, and realism in this sense is much more modest, but more self-sufficient.
  • Modernism adorns the world, gives it metaphoricalness, and realism informs how it really is in genuine life without tries to change or brighten it in some way.


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